The period when art is created can affect the piece’s overall look and story. The same thing applies to pieces of furniture. If you are an antique lover or collector, knowing about the furniture styles throughout the years would tell you more about the pieces you own. Let this article tell you the basics you need to know.
The William and Mary Style (1685 to 1720)
This style takes its name after the royal monarchs, King William III and Queen Mary II of England. It was influenced by the older English Baroque and Dutch Baroque. This style incorporates the Chinoiserie and Rococo, which first appeared in France. If you look at furniture pieces from this period, you will notice that the pieces are usually made of oak and are heavy.
The Queen Anne Style (1720 to 1760)
The Queen Anne style was named after Queen Anne of England. It actually came into existence in the early 18th century, before and until after Queen Anne took the throne. At this time, the design was made from oak wood, mahogany, and walnut.
This style has a classic, traditional look, while lavish and rich at the same time. It is the main reason the style is often considered timeless. Furthermore, furniture makers in the Queen Anne style used curved lines in the legs, feet, arms and pediments to create the ornamental details in their pieces.
The Chippendale Style (1755 to 1790)
This style was named after the furniture maker named Thomas Chippendale. It is basically a Rococo style, prominent during the late 18th century. It is characterised by its intricate detailing, which is why it is often identified by the name “Chinese Gothic.” It also has lots of curves and symmetrical patterns.
The furniture of this style is made from mahogany, rosewood, and maple. The style is considered among the most popular ones in history and is often referred to as the Renaissance style. This style grew in popularity during the 18th and 19th centuries, particularly in Victorian times.
The Adam Style (1770 to 1820)
The Adam Style is named after the architect, Robert Adam. It was created as a backlash to the French Rococo. What makes it different is its more classic and geometric theme. At this time, furniture design was influenced by ancient Greek culture, which is why furniture of this style often has symmetrical patterns and column-like legs. Pieces are usually made from walnut and mahogany.
The Louis XVI Style (1780 to 1790)
This style is named after Louis XVI, the French King during that period. It takes inspiration from the Neoclassic style. Louis XVI furniture is usually made from walnut and mahogany, and the pieces notably have a lot of curves and have a royal and elegant style to them.
The Federal Style (1780 to 1830)
This type of furniture is a more American style, which furniture makers widely popularised. It features a strong contrast between the dark and light elements and was typically made from oak, ash, and mahogany. It’s very tall and has a less bulky structure.
The Hepplewhite Style (1790 to 1830)
The Hepplewhite style is named after a famous furniture designer named George Hepplewhite. This style features furniture made from oak and mahogany. However, walnut is also extensively used in smaller items. The style is considered formal, with its furniture usually cushioned, has a lot of straight lines and original details.
Antique Furniture’s Rich History and Evolution
Furniture design has evolved a lot over the past centuries. The styles, as well as their textures, have changed considerably. There are a lot of furniture styles in history, and the ones mentioned in this article are some of the most popular ones. Knowing them would be helpful when trying to identify the age of the piece you are interested in. That way, you also know what to look for if you search for additional pieces of furniture for your home.
Once you are ready to purchase a new one, Cavalier Antiques and Restorations is an antique furniture shop in Adelaide. We will be more than happy to assist you in finding that special piece to add to your collection. We can also restore that sentimental antique piece you have! View our catalogue and get in touch with us today.